What Is a Bear Market? Definition and How to Invest During One


Bear markets in the S&P 500 happened on average about every 3.6 years since 1928. Bankrate follows a stricteditorial policy, so you can trust that our content is honest and accurate. Our award-winning editors and reporters create honest and accurate content to help you make the right financial decisions.

And both indexes finished quite strong Wednesday after the Federal Reserve raised its short-term interest rate by a quarter point to a range of 4.5%-4.75%. The central bank stayed true to its message, intent on raising rates but at a milder pace. Phase three is when the risk-takers, called speculators, come into the market and raise some prices, anticipating future increases in hopes of seeing gains that offset their risks. One thing to note when it comes to a bear stock market is that there are two types which include cyclical and secular, each producing varying types of declines.

  • In fact, he once called the 2007 – 2008 bear market an “ideal period for investors.” Buffet knows that down markets create fear, which can lead to stock sell-offs at value prices.
  • Bankrate follows a strict editorial policy, so you can trust that we’re putting your interests first.
  • According to Hartford Funds, an average bear market phase lasts for 289 days (9.6 months).

These tips will help you understand https://forex-world.net/. In every bear market there are likely certain segments of the markets that get hit much harder than others. It’s extremely difficult to forecast these ahead of time, so a preventive measure you can take now is to diversify within the equity market as well as across asset classes. Consider the assets you’ve set aside for medium-term needs or goals. Being diversified means you have a wide variety of investment-grade bonds—corporate, municipals, Treasuries, and possibly foreign issues. And they should have varying maturity dates, from short-term to mid-term, so you always have some bonds maturing and providing you with either income or money to reinvest.

What is a bear market?

One is how long it takes to fall from the high and another is the time it takes to recover from the low. On average, a bear market might last about three years in total, with the recovery period being about two years. Looking at the past performance of two bear markets can show you the difference. There are a few explanations for the terms bear and bull markets that refer to each animal’s strength.

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One of the best ways to determine whether a bear market is pending is to watch interest rates. If the Federal Reserve lowers interest rates in response to a slowing economy, it’s a good clue that a bear market could be on the way. But sometimes a bear market begins even before interest rates are lowered. Think about the things consumers will need no matter what – those are the sectors that tend to perform well during market downturns. Even amid high inflation, people still need gas, groceries and health care, so things such as consumer staples and utilities usually weather bear markets better than others.

If you’re invested in a mix of relative winners and losers, it helps to minimize your portfolio’s overall losses. Arielle O’Shea leads the investing and taxes team at NerdWallet. She has covered personal finance and investing for over 15 years, and was a senior writer and spokesperson at NerdWallet before becoming an assigning editor. Arielle has appeared on the “Today” show, NBC News and ABC’s “World News Tonight,” and has been quoted in national publications including The New York Times, MarketWatch and Bloomberg News. Bear markets, when assets plummet 20% from recent highs, are among the scariest market events you’ll encounter. The overall value of the market can drop during a bear market — but investors who stay calm have little to fear.

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If you can remain calm and think strategically, you can take the natural fluctuations and use them for your own benefit. Any number of factors include economic shifts, interest rates, political crises, pandemics, and military actions. The volatile nature of the stock market means that preparation is key and strategic thinking can take an unexpected situation and use it to your benefit.

A bull market has had an average lifespan of about 60 months. He began his financial writing career in 2005 as a marketing copywriter, which is how he refined his investing knowledge and skills. Over the years, he’s written editorial and marketing pieces for many of the world’s leading financial newsletters and publications. His main investing interests are technology, blockchain and cryptocurrency. An investor who purchases a CD commits to locking up their initial investment for a fixed period, such as six months, a year, two years or even five years. Once it matures, you cash out the CD in return for your initial investment.

You may then reinvest this cash into dividend, growth, or defensive stocks to further prepare your portfolio for a bear market. For short-term savings, a bank account or money market fund makes sense because your money will be secure and you can get hold of it quickly. You can find money market funds at major companies like Vanguard, Fidelity, T. Rowe Price or Schwab. Bear markets should not be confused with market corrections. During corrections, indexes, or stock falls by 10% or more, from their recent highs. A stock market correction may or may not end up becoming a bear market phase.

History of Bear Markets

And historically, the market’s upward movement has tended to prevail over the declines long term. However, the term bear market can be used to refer to any stock index, or to an individual stock that has fallen 20% or more from recent highs. For example, we could say that the Nasdaq Composite plunged into a bear market during the bursting of the dot-com bubble in 1999 and 2000.

Bear Market 2022: Drivers and How to Invest – Morgan Stanley

Bear Market 2022: Drivers and How to Invest.

Posted: Wed, 28 Sep 2022 20:36:32 GMT [source]

All hedges have a price, whether it’s expressed in the form of the option premium paid or, less obviously, the cap on an annuity policy holder’s maximum return. Diversification and de-risking of an equity portfolio can provide comparable benefits at a lower cost. Again, during a bear economy, most stocks tend to fall; that’s to be expected. Remember that you’re looking to position your portfolio for an upcoming bull market and using the bear market to potentially give you a preparatory boost in discounted stocks. A bear market is a fundamentally driven market decline of 20% or more. A bear market often coincides with a weakening economy, massive liquidation of securities, and widespread investor fear and pessimism.

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This may influence which products we review and write about , but it in no way affects our recommendations or advice, which are grounded in thousands of hours of research. Our partners cannot pay us to guarantee favorable reviews of their products or services. A good advisor can help you navigate through the noise and remain calm, especially when the best action to take with your investments is no action at all. That’s why an objective third party, like a financial advisor, can provide so much value. It’s not easy to sit on the sidelines and not react emotionally when everyone else is panicking and the news headlines get increasingly dramatic.

  • It is more likely that the rally is just a temporary and isn’t a genuine change in the trend.
  • Knowing the major differences between these two market phases can help you make more informed decisions as an investor.
  • Market and economic views are subject to change without notice and may be untimely when presented here.
  • As a general rule of thumb, the more “perfect” a hedge is, the more costly it becomes.
  • You may revoke your consent at any time by notifying the Merrill representative.

This text is informative in nature and should not be considered an investment recommendation. It does not express the personal opinion of the author or service. Any investment or trading is risky, and past returns are not a guarantee of future returns. Many investors lose confidence and rush to sell off their holdings, which pushes prices even lower, extending the severity and duration of the bear market.

What Is A Bear Market And How Should You Invest In One?

The global presence that Morgan Stanley maintains is key to our clients’ success, giving us keen insight across regions and markets, and allowing us to make a difference around the world. It’s always a good idea to have enough cash on hand to cover your needs for the next year. We all wish they wouldn’t happen, but, unfortunately, that doesn’t prevent them. Investing for Retirement It’s Easy to Forget the Market’s Good Years During volatility, remember the market’s long-term track record. All of our content is authored by highly qualified professionals and edited by subject matter experts, who ensure everything we publish is objective, accurate and trustworthy.

On average, bear markets lose 36% on average over 9.6 months, and there have been 26 bear markets in the S&P 500 since 1928. In contrast, bull markets gain 114% on average over 2.7 years, and there have been 27 bull markets since 1928. Yes, it is a great time to be buying stocks if you are truly in it for the long run.

Bullish vs. bearish investors: What’s the difference?

How to invest in a bear market products issued by Principal National Life Insurance Company® and Principal Life Insurance Co. Principal Funds, Inc. is distributed by Principal Funds Distributor, Inc. Securities offered through Principal Securities, Inc.,member SIPCand/or independent broker-dealers.

3 Ideal Stocks for Retirees to Buy During a Bear Market – The Motley Fool

3 Ideal Stocks for Retirees to Buy During a Bear Market.

Posted: Wed, 08 Mar 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

You are encouraged to consult with competent legal, tax, accounting, financial or investment professionals based on your specific circumstances. We do not make any warranties as to accuracy or completeness of this information, do not endorse any third-party companies, products, or services described here, and take no liability for your use of this information. But as the bear market continues to play out, investors should focus on two key objectives. First, stay protected by learning when to sell stocks to cut losses and capture profits. Cyclical bear markets are typically caused by an economic recession, when businesses are forced to cut back on spending and investment. This type of a bear market usually lasts for one to two years.


It’s also worth analyzing the performance of specific cryptos during previous market swings. Some cryptos have a history of losing more value during bear markets, while others lose less. Cost averaging has the effect of smoothing out price volatility. Instead of the risk of buying at a very high or very low price, you build a portfolio gradually according to a time-based average price. As the market recovers, the value of your holdings will rise even though you experienced minimal risk.

Cash can be an option during a bear market, however, with inflation at 8% in the 2022 bear market, holding cash for an extended period will likely hurt. Other stocks to consider during a bear market are dividend stocks. Regular dividend payouts also help ease the pain of rising prices as a result of inflation.

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